Hepatitis B is a serious form of liver infection caused by the Hepatitis B virus (HBV).
Hepatitis B can cause both acute (severe and sudden) and chronic (long-lasting) disease. It is a major global health problem, as chronic Hepatitis B infection places people at higher risk of developing liver cirrhosis and liver cancer.
Chronic Hepatitis B and C infection is the leading cause for liver cancer (60-70%).1 Hepatitis B carriers are also 100 times more likely to develop liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma) compared to non-Hepatitis B carriers.2 Liver cancer was the 4th most common cancer in men in Singapore from 2008 to 2012, according to the Singapore National Registry of Diseases Office.3
About 3.6% of population aged 18-79 in Singapore or 150,000 people are Hepatitis B carriers, but many are unaware of it.4 Hepatitis B infection often goes undiagnosed until a patient seeks help for advanced liver problems.