STIs associated with viruses include:
- Genital Herpes – caused by Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)
- Genital Warts – caused by Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
- HIV and AIDS – caused by Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Virus infections don’t always show symptoms, however common signs and symptoms include:
- Genital rash,
- Painful or burning urination
- Painful intercourse
- Unusual or odd-smelling vaginal discharge
HIV infections can be latent for many years without symptoms before presenting as AIDS infection at later stages.
Treatment for Genital Herpes includes the use of antiviral medications once you begin to show symptoms. However, HSV infection usually turns into a chronic infection in the body which flares up when your immunity is low.
Treatment for Genital Warts include removal of the wart if deemed suitable.
HIV infection will need a specific treatment regimen and follow up with Infectious Diseases (ID) specialists.
Viral STIs will usually result in chronic infections in the body, which can go unnoticed or cause flare up episodes and symptoms from time to time. HPV infections caused by high risk virus strains can potentially lead to cervical cancer, anal cancer and penile cancer; while HIV infection can lead to AIDS which can potentially be life-threatening.