Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a common virus. It is estimated that eight out of 10 women will get HPV in their lifetime. HPV can affect anyone who is sexually active, both women and men. Any kind of intimate genital contact can spread the virus.
For most the virus will clear on its own, but when it does not, certain cancers and diseases can develop. There is no way to know who will or will not clear the virus.
Some types of HPV can cause cervical cancer, vulvar cancer, vaginal cancer, penile cancer and anal cancer. Other types can cause genital warts. At least four types of HPV cause the most cases of HPV-related diseases in women and men.
Types of HPV
High risk group – 16,18,31,33,45,52,58
- Causes >75% of cervical cancer and >50% of vaginal and vulvar cancer
Low risk group – 6,11
- Causes >90% of anogenital warts