Diabetes is a condition where there is too much sugar in the blood. Every day, the food we eat is broken down into glucose. In a normal person, insulin (manufactured by an organ called the pancreas) acts on cells throughout the body to stimulate uptake, utilisation and storage of glucose. People who are diabetic do not produce enough insulin (type 1 diabetes) or the insulin produced does not work well (type 2 diabetes). As a result, sugar builds up in the blood causing diabetes.
In Singapore, statistics show that about one in every 10 Singaporeans have diabetes which has almost doubled among those 50 years and above. It is a serious chronic medical condition and is a growing concern in Singapore.