Diabetes is a chronic health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. Everyday, the food that we consume is broken down into nutrients that our body uses for energy, growth, and cell repair.
In a normal person, food is broken down into sugar (glucose), which is released into the bloodstream. This causes a rise in your blood sugar levels, signalling your pancreas to release a hormone known as insulin, which facilitates the entry of glucose into our cells for energy use.
With diabetes, your body does not produce sufficient insulin or is resistant to the effects of insulin. When this occurs, too much sugar remains in the bloodstream. Eventually, this can lead to disorders of the circulatory, immune, and nervous system.